Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The journal follows publisher's policies available at the following links:

Editorial Policies

Publishing Ethics Policies

These guidelines are fully consistent with the COPE Principles of Transparency and Best Practice Guidelines and the COPE Code of Conduct

The publisher is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and preventing any form of academic misconduct. Authors, reviewers, and editors are expected to adhere to the following principles:

Authorship and Originality: All submitted work must be original and appropriately cited. Authorship should be limited to those who have made substantial contributions to the research.
Plagiarism and Duplicate Publication: Plagiarism in any form is strictly prohibited. Authors should not submit the same manuscript to multiple journals simultaneously.
Conflict of Interest: Authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships that may influence the research. Reviewers and editors should also declare any potential conflicts.
Peer Review Integrity: The peer review process should be fair, unbiased, and confidential. Reviewers should promptly report any ethical concerns.
Protection of Human and Animal Rights: Research involving humans or animals should adhere to ethical guidelines. Informed consent and proper protocols must be followed.
Data Integrity and Reproducibility: Authors should provide access to raw data if requested and ensure the accuracy and integrity of their findings.
Corrections and Retractions: Errors should be corrected promptly, and retractions should be issued if necessary, accompanied by a clear explanation.
Editorial Independence: Editors should make decisions based on the scientific merit of the manuscript, without influence from outside parties.
Confidentiality: Editors and reviewers should treat all submissions and communication with authors confidentially.
Compliance with Guidelines: Manuscripts should adhere to the journal's specific guidelines and formatting requirements.
Any violation of these ethical principles may result in appropriate action, including but not limited to rejection of the manuscript, retraction of published work, and notification to the author's institution or funding body. We are dedicated to maintaining the integrity and credibility of scientific research.

We encourage the best standards of publication ethics and take all possible measures against publication malpractices.