EJMCR. 2020; 4(6): 210-212

Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report

Authors: Aman Sharma, Atanu B. Bhattacharya, Gauri Shankar Asati, Sudipta Roy.

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to understand the local manifestations and complications of mosquito repellent toxicity. Case Presentation: A 16-year-old female presented to the emergency department with the complaints of severe pain over the left upper limb, with tense swelling and difficulty in movement. On the evaluation of history, the patient confirmed to have injected 2 ml of mosquito repellent “Good Knight” liquid into the flexor aspect of the left forearm just above the wrist joint a week back, and she gradually developed swelling and pain, for which she was being treated elsewhere. She was brought with restricted movement of the wrist joint with moderate pain and swelling extending up to the elbow region. Conclusion: In this case, the patient had injected around 2 ml of mosquito repellent liquid into the anterior compartment of the forearm above palmar carpal ligament. This solution is an acidic, toxic solution that causes irritation in skin tissues, in which one gets a direct exposure. This patient developed acute compartment syndrome which could have further led to Volkmann's contracture. Such chemical irritants can lead to life-threatening scenarios if left untreated and may irreversibly damage the structures that they have been exposed to. Timely intervention to release the compartment pressures may help to save the limb deformity or limb loss.

Keywords:
Mosquito repellent toxicity, prallethrin toxicity, acute compartment syndrome, case report


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Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report


Authors
Aman Sharma
Department Of Emergency Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, India
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Atanu B Bhattacharya
Department Of Emergency Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, India
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Gauri Shankar Asati
Department Of Orthopedic surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, India
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Sudipta Roy
Department Of Orthopedic surgery, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, India.
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Correspondence to:
. Aman Sharma, Department of Emergency Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Bilaspur, India.; amansharma.dr@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 22 Feb 2020
Revised 11 Apr 2020
Accepted 18 May 2020
Published online 20 Jun 2020
Published in print 09 Jul 2020

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Pubmed Style

Sharma A, Bhattacharya AB, Asati GS, Roy S. Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. EJMCR. 2020; 4(6): 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


Web Style

Sharma A, Bhattacharya AB, Asati GS, Roy S. Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. https://www.ejmcr.com/?mno=88447 [Access: August 14, 2020]. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma A, Bhattacharya AB, Asati GS, Roy S. Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. EJMCR. 2020; 4(6): 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma A, Bhattacharya AB, Asati GS, Roy S. Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. EJMCR. (2020), [cited August 14, 2020]; 4(6): 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


Harvard Style

Sharma, A., Bhattacharya, . A. B., Asati, . G. S. & Roy, . S. (2020) Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. EJMCR, 4 (6), 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


Turabian Style

Sharma, Aman, Atanu B. Bhattacharya, Gauri Shankar Asati, and Sudipta Roy. 2020. Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. European Journal of Medical Case Reports, 4 (6), 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


Chicago Style

Sharma, Aman, Atanu B. Bhattacharya, Gauri Shankar Asati, and Sudipta Roy. "Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report." European Journal of Medical Case Reports 4 (2020), 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Aman, Atanu B. Bhattacharya, Gauri Shankar Asati, and Sudipta Roy. "Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report." European Journal of Medical Case Reports 4.6 (2020), 210-212. Print. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, A., Bhattacharya, . A. B., Asati, . G. S. & Roy, . S. (2020) Acute compartment syndrome as a complication of mosquito repellent toxicity-a case report. European Journal of Medical Case Reports, 4 (6), 210-212. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1582359285


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