EJMCR. 2020; 4(5): 149-151

A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis

Authors: Fotis Konstantinou, Natalia Vallianou, Victoria Gennimata, Angelos Konstantinou, Evangelos Kokkinakis.

ABSTRACT

Background: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an immunologic disorder affecting large and medium size vessels, especially focusing on the external branches of the aorta. The most commonly affected vessel is the temporal artery, and it usually presents with headache in elderly patients. The participation of other vessels, such as the aorta, can result in serious, life-threatening complications. Case presentation: We present the case of a patient admitted to our hospital, diagnosed with GCA and pericardial effusion, which is a rare combination, with only a few case reports in the literature. Conclusion: Pericardial effusion in the context of GCA is rare but it can be dangerous, and by presenting such a case, we want to underline the importance of checking for extracranial involvement when GCA is suspected.

Keywords:
Case report, giant cell arteritis, temporal arteritis, pericarditis, pericardial effusion; heart


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A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis


Authors
Fotis Konstantinou
First Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece
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Natalia Vallianou
First Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece
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Victoria Gennimata
First Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece
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Angelos Konstantinou
First Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece
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Evangelos Kokkinakis
First Department of Internal Medicine, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece
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Correspondence to:
. Fotis Konstantinou, First Pathology Department, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece.; photis_con@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 17 May 2019
Accepted 18 May 2020
Published online 07 Jun 2020
Published in print 16 Jun 2020

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Pubmed Style

Konstantinou F, Vallianou N, Gennimata V, Konstantinou A, Kokkinakis E. A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. EJMCR. 2020; 4(5): 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


Web Style

Konstantinou F, Vallianou N, Gennimata V, Konstantinou A, Kokkinakis E. A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. https://www.ejmcr.com/?mno=49482 [Access: July 11, 2020]. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Konstantinou F, Vallianou N, Gennimata V, Konstantinou A, Kokkinakis E. A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. EJMCR. 2020; 4(5): 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Konstantinou F, Vallianou N, Gennimata V, Konstantinou A, Kokkinakis E. A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. EJMCR. (2020), [cited July 11, 2020]; 4(5): 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


Harvard Style

Konstantinou, F., Vallianou, . N., Gennimata, . V., Konstantinou, . A. & Kokkinakis, . E. (2020) A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. EJMCR, 4 (5), 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


Turabian Style

Konstantinou, Fotis, Natalia Vallianou, Victoria Gennimata, Angelos Konstantinou, and Evangelos Kokkinakis. 2020. A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. European Journal of Medical Case Reports, 4 (5), 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


Chicago Style

Konstantinou, Fotis, Natalia Vallianou, Victoria Gennimata, Angelos Konstantinou, and Evangelos Kokkinakis. "A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis." European Journal of Medical Case Reports 4 (2020), 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Konstantinou, Fotis, Natalia Vallianou, Victoria Gennimata, Angelos Konstantinou, and Evangelos Kokkinakis. "A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis." European Journal of Medical Case Reports 4.5 (2020), 149-151. Print. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Konstantinou, F., Vallianou, . N., Gennimata, . V., Konstantinou, . A. & Kokkinakis, . E. (2020) A case report of pericardial effusion in giant cell arteritis. European Journal of Medical Case Reports, 4 (5), 149-151. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1558113081


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