EJMCR. 2020; 4(5): 152-156

Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review

Authors: Anil Gupta, Narender Kumar, Uttam Kumar Mette, Shipra Gupta.

ABSTRACT

Background: Horse shoe kidney is rare, rarer is urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis in horse shoe kidney, but is more common than that in normal kidney. Radical nephroureterectomy with removal of a cuff of urinary bladder is the standard of treatment. Despite of complete surgery, there are loco-regional recurrences. Case Report: Presenting a case of 60-year male with gross hematuria of 2 months. On imaging found to have horse show kidney with right kidney upper pole mass, believing it to be renal cell carcinoma, nephrectomy was done. However, histopathology turned out to be low-grade urothelial carcinoma of pelvis. Patient had recurrence in left over ureteral stump and ureteric orifice after 10 months. Completion surgery followed by adjuvant intra-vesical bacille calmette guerin (BCG) was given and patient has no recurrence since past 2 years. Conclusion: Urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis although rare, but it is three to four times more common than that in normal kidney due to chronic obstruction in horse shoe kidney. Due to multifocality of urothelial carcinoma of renal pelvis, gold standard treatment remains complete nephroureterectomy with removal of a cuff of urinary bladder. Post-operative locoregional recurrences are seen and judicious use of intravesical BCG, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy has shown to beneficial.

Keywords:
Horseshoe kidney, fused Kidney, urothelial cell carcinoma of upper ttract, transitional cell carcinoma nephroureterectomy, case report


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Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review


Authors
Anil Gupta
Senior Resident, Department of Radiotherapy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
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Narender Kumar
Additional Professor, Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
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Uttam Kumar Mette
Professor, Department of Urology, Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
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Shipra Gupta
Senior Resident, Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi, India
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Correspondence to:
. Anil Gupta, Senior Resident, Department of Radiotherapy, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.; anilgupta87@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 24 Aug 2019
Revised 28 Apr 2020
Accepted 02 May 2020
Published online 23 May 2020
Published in print 16 Jun 2020

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Pubmed Style

Gupta A, Kumar N, Mette UK, Gupta S. Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. EJMCR. 2020; 4(5): 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


Web Style

Gupta A, Kumar N, Mette UK, Gupta S. Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. https://www.ejmcr.com/?mno=58933 [Access: July 11, 2020]. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gupta A, Kumar N, Mette UK, Gupta S. Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. EJMCR. 2020; 4(5): 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gupta A, Kumar N, Mette UK, Gupta S. Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. EJMCR. (2020), [cited July 11, 2020]; 4(5): 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


Harvard Style

Gupta, A., Kumar, . N., Mette, . U. K. & Gupta, . S. (2020) Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. EJMCR, 4 (5), 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


Turabian Style

Gupta, Anil, Narender Kumar, Uttam Kumar Mette, and Shipra Gupta. 2020. Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. European Journal of Medical Case Reports, 4 (5), 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


Chicago Style

Gupta, Anil, Narender Kumar, Uttam Kumar Mette, and Shipra Gupta. "Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review." European Journal of Medical Case Reports 4 (2020), 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gupta, Anil, Narender Kumar, Uttam Kumar Mette, and Shipra Gupta. "Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review." European Journal of Medical Case Reports 4.5 (2020), 152-156. Print. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gupta, A., Kumar, . N., Mette, . U. K. & Gupta, . S. (2020) Renal pelvic urothelial carcinoma in horse shoe kidney with recurrence in urinary bladder—a case report and adjuvant treatment review. European Journal of Medical Case Reports, 4 (5), 152-156. doi:10.24911/ejmcr/173-1564331076


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