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Acute Mononeuropathy as the first presentation of Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: a case report

Sonal Kapoor, Prem Sundaram, Vaya Tziaferi, Manish Prasad.

Abstract
Background: Prevalence of neuropathy in Diabetes in the pediatric age group is very low. Moreover, it is often a late complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and usually related to the duration of diabetes, poor glycemic control and advanced age. We present here an interesting case of motor neuropathy as a first manifestation of Type 1 diabetes in an adolescent.
Case presentation: A previously fit fourteen years old girl presented with sudden onset right foot drop. There was a history of osmotic symptoms and weight loss over the preceding last few months before presentation. Investigations revealed Type 1 diabetes mellitus. So, our patient was started on Multiple Daily Insulin Injection Regimen (MDI) as per protocol and the foot drop recovered within a period of two months.
Conclusion: Mononeuropathy as a first presentation of diabetes is extremely rare. It is extremely important to assess the blood glucose in patients with peripheral neuropathy. Normalizing blood glucose levels leads to rapid neuronal recovery.

Key words: case report, Diabetes Mellitus, mononeuropathy, foot drop, multiple daily insulin injection regimen


 



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